Babyready - How Smoking, Alcohol and Caffeine Can Impact Fertility?

How Smoking, Alcohol and Caffeine Can Impact Fertility?

Snneha Lukaa


In the past few years, the lifestyle of an individual has changed drastically. People today resort to drinking, smoking and heavy caffeine intake owing to stress and lifestyle factors. However, these habits not just have an impact on physical health leading to cancer, heart conditions and diabetes, but can also affect your reproductive health. Taking good care of reproductive health does not seem to be of any importance when you are young. But as years pass by, lifestyle habits like excessive smoking, drinking and a heavy caffeine intake can create problems. Irrespective of whether you are male or female, your habits like smoking, drinking, unhealthy food intake can have a huge impact on your fertility and in many cases affect your pregnancy chances too.

Here is a short brief on how smoking, alcohol and caffeine can impact fertility

Impact of alcohol on fertility

Most of the young generation today is engaged in consuming alcohol. Be it social gatherings, office parties or even house meetups, drinking has become a common thing. It is a known fact that smoking affects one’s overall health including fertility. However, it is not clear as to what amount of alcohol can lead to infertility.

In men, increased consumption of alcohol can lead to decreased sex drive, decreased sperm count and even shrinking of testicles-all of which that can cause trouble when trying to get pregnant. For women, there are several studies showing that consuming alcohol once in a week or five times a day can reduce pregnancy chances by 50% and also lead to implantation problems. Additionally, women who drink a lot of alcohol i.e. about 7 or more drinks in a week or three drinks at one go also suffer from irregular periods which give rise to ovulation issues. One can determine the ovarian reserve by opting for an AMH test which helps in determining the number of eggs and its quality left in the ovarian reserve. LOW AMH indicates a decline in the ovarian reserve, which can disable a woman from achieving pregnancy.

Impact of smoking on fertility

If you indulge in smoking regularly, then you might take a little longer time to get pregnant than a non-smoker. According to a few studies, cigarettes contain about 4,000 toxic chemicals, which can cause harm to the human body. The chemicals have a huge impact on fertility both in men and women. Regular smoking can also accelerate the menopause process in women, which can further prevent her from getting pregnant.

Smoking can also lead to

  • Ectopic pregnancy

  • Still or premature birth

  • Miscarriage

  • Sudden infant death syndrome

Impact of caffeine on fertility

Caffeine is one of the harmful ingredients that can impact your pregnancy chances. Soft drinks, coffee, tea and chocolate that you consume consist of caffeine. Though there is no specific study that determines that caffeine has an impact on pregnancy, but fertility experts suggest that excessive caffeine intake can lead to delay in pregnancy, miscarriage, still birth and even premature birth. Additionally, heavy caffeine intake can also increase the time of pregnancy from nine months to nine and half months. If you already have a fertility issue then cutting down on the caffeine intake can help and if you are unable to conceive naturally then opting for assisted reproductive techniques like IVF, IUI can help.

Home Remedies to boost fertility for men and women

Regular exercise: Exercising regularly can increase your testosterone levels, which can help you increase your sex drive. Also, too much exercising can have a negative impact on sperm count in men.

Pomegranate: This fruit is rich in antioxidants, containing vitamin C, vitamin K, folate and potassium. This fruit helps in conception, thereby reducing chances of miscarriage. Women who are unable to conceive should include this fruit in their diet.

Dates: These are rich in vitamin K and B and also a good source of folate and iron that help in successful conception. For best results, consume 2-3 dates on a regular basis.

Keep your zinc intake high: This is a home remedy for men suffering from low sperm count problems. You can either opt for zinc supplement or consume a zinc-rich diet including fruits like avocado, raspberries, guava, peaches and others.

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